Linksys WRT150N v1 SD Mod Guide

Content

  • Introduction
    • The SD card
    • Finding suitable IO points
      • Finding ground
      • Finding power, 3,3 volt
      • Finding general IO output points
      • Finding general IO input
    • The wiring layout
  • Implementing the modification
    • Wiring points
    • Setting up DD-WRT to support the modification
    • Editing files and folders on the card

Introduction

This blog post guides you through adding a SD card interface to a Linksys WRT150N router. This guide is guild upon the SD/MMC Mod guide found on the dd-wrt web site.

Adding a SD card to your router enables more space to store logs/files or install additional programs and since a standard edition of the dd-wrt fills up most of the space available on the router it leaves only a little space for you to play around with. Since you with the SD card are able to increase the storage available to 1-2GB or more you can host a little FTP or WEB server.

As an alternative to doing this mod of the router is sharing a folder on your computer so it can be used by the router. This can be done through the Samba shares which is supported by dd-wrt this is the standard used by windows. (Samba works only over a wired line) The Samba Filesystem

The SD Card

If we take a look at the SD card we want to add to the router we can see that only a small amount of the SD pins is needed to control it.

 

SD Pin SD function(SPI Mode) Direction
1 Chip Select (CS) IN
2 Data In (DI) IN
3 Ground
4 Vcc (3.3v)
5 Clock (CLK) IN
6 Ground
7 Data Out (DO) OUT
8 Reserved
9 Reserved

The SD card

WHR_G54S_SD_MOD-SD_Card

From this we can se that we need the following pins

  • Ground
  • Power 3,3 volt
  • 2-3 output pins (We can just ground to Chip select, then we need the Clock and DI)
  • 1 input pin (The data out from the SD card)

 

Finding suitable IO points

The SD card operate at 3,3 volt there fore wee first need to find a ground and Vcc connection point on the circuit board. When the SD card are powered up it needs some way of communicating with the rest of the router; we need to find at least 2 output pins and one input pin.

Finding ground

We need to find a grounded point this is very easy since it is present all over the PCB. Normally all metal housings are fore example connected to ground.

Finding power, 3,3 volt

Since the power supply on the router is 12 DC we can not use it directly we need another power source from the circuit board where we can measure 3,3 volt DC.

Finding general IO output points

Output means some way we can control the SD card. Here the LEDs are the most obvious choice. You can find out which LEDs are software controlled by loggin into the router by telnet or SSH and using the gpio command to test the IO ping from 0 to 9 looking for a LED shifting from on to off-on-off and so on.

  • gpio enable <IO pin number> # to enable a IO pin, which switches the LED off
  • gpio disable <IO pin number> # to disable a IO pin, which switches the LED on
  • gpio poll <IO pin number> # to read the status of a switch

Here are a little script to make the pin switch between 0 and 1:

  • while true; do gpio disable 1; sleep 3; gpio enable 1; sleep 3; done

 

Finding general IO input

To find an input pin use:

  • gpio poll <IO pin number>

Then you will se a 00 or 01 when it goes on and off.

The wiring layout

Now the important part. I made the IO tests as described above and found the following:

GPIO PIN Usage on WRT150N v1
GPIO 0
GPIO 1 OUT: Power LED
GPIO 2
GPIO 3 OUT: Security LED Orange
GPIO 4 IN: Security Switch
GPIO 5 OUT: Security LED Green
GPIO 6 IO: Reset – don’t set this pin high your router will reset it self.
GPIO 7
GPIO 8
GPIO 9

Here are how I decided to wire the SD card:

SD Pin SD function(SPI Mode) Router IO Router PIN description Wire color
1 Chip Select (CS) Ground   Black
2 Data In (DI) GPIO 5 Security LED Green Yellow
3 Ground Ground   Black
4 Vcc (3.3v) Vcc 3,3 v   Red
5 Clock (CLK) GPIO 3 Security LED Orange Green
6 Ground Ground   Black
7 Data Out (DO) GPIO 4 Security Switch White
8
9
         

 

Implementing the modification

Wiring points

WRT150N_basic_SD_MOD_wiring_half

Remember to solder to on the negative side of the LED the other side is not lowered enough to change to logical zero.

I tool the power and ground from JP2 (listed from right to left):

  • Ground
  • Vcc 3,3 v

Now you have to solder the SD card to your print. I took a socket from an old USB 7 in 1 card reader.

IMG_7916 IMG_7895 IMG_7894

Here are some pictures of the soldering of my router

IMG_7888

IMG_7889 IMG_7872

07052008(004) 07052008(005) IMG_7873 IMG_7875

Now we have to get this new par (the SD card socket) fit nicely inside the plastic box.

IMG_7897 IMG_7899
IMG_7900 IMG_7902
IMG_7904 IMG_7907
IMG_7908 IMG_7910
IMG_7912

Setting up DD-WRT to support the modification

Now login to the dd-wrt web GUI and set the GPIO pins

dd-wrt_web_gui_mmc_gpio

If you want to use the SD card for storing JFFS/IPKG then you have to mount it.

  • Turn on jffs in the web admin
  • Execute this command: mkdir /mmc/jffs
  • Put this line in the startup script: –bind /mmc/jffs /jffs

The SD card will be formatted as EXT2 on startup so be patient it has to format it at first start. But you can see the interaction with the card on the LEDs.

 

Editing files and folders on the card

You can use WinSCP to access the cart from your computer. Remember to use SCP.

Installing packages on the router:

Guide

Preparing /jffs for /opt

  • ~ # mkdir /jffs/opt
  • ~ # mount -o bind /jffs/opt /opt

Installing ipkg-opt and uclibc-opt

Search PATH

  • ~# export PATH=/opt/bin:/opt/sbin:$PATH
  • unset LD_LIBRARY_PATH

Search

  • ~ # /opt/bin/ipkg-opt list ‘*ftp*’

Source material

DD-WRT site

sd mmc mod.pdf (1.43 mb)

ipkg-opt.pdf (177.48 kb)

2 comments on “Linksys WRT150N v1 SD Mod Guide
  1. Juan says:

    I have successfully made this mod. The only thing that would be helpful is pointing to a version of DD-WRT that allows both JFFS AND MMS/SD support. I’ve tried one version that initalized the card but provided no JFFS option (or /dev/disks/*) and another that allowed to turn on JFFS but didn’t have the MMS/SD card…

  2. It’s in reality a nice and useful piece of info.

    I’m satisfied that you shared this useful info with us.
    Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

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